Recreational Guide: The Arkansas River

October 8th, 2022 by admin No comments »

Arkansas River GeographyThe Arkansas River headwaters source is near Leadville,Guest Posting Colorado. The river technically ends in the Mississippi, which leads out to the ocean. The river drops 10,000 feet in the first 125 mile stretch. Within this stretch, the River carves through a large canyon now called the Royal Gorge. Because of the rapid drop of elevation, this stretch of river is popular for whitewater rafting and other river recreation. In total, the river drops 11,400 feet and covers a total of 161,000 square miles. The Arkansas River basin drains 24,904 square miles.From Colorado, the Arkansas River then runs through Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas, before meeting up with the Mississippi River. In total the river runs 1450 miles, which makes the Arkansas River the longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri water system.Carving out many canyons and gorges, perhaps one of the most well known is the Royal Gorge. With a width of 50 feet at its base and a few hundred feet at its top, and a depth of 1200 feet in places, the 10-mile-long canyon is a narrow, steep crevasse through the granite of Fremont Peak.The Arkansas River is now used as a main waterway for commerce, with the system being formerly called the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System or MKARNS. This specific stretch of the river is 445 miles. It takes a commercial towboat 5 days to travel the MKARNs distance. The commercial stretch of the river has multiple dam and lock systems allowing for greater control over the navigation efforts. The Arkansas River is used for waterway commerce, recreational activities (such as whitewater rafting) and wildlife preservation.Arkansas River HistoryThe Arkansas River was first discovered by Europeans before the Mississippi River in 1541. After Francisco Vasquez de Coronado forded the river, Hernando de Soto was on the lower river, when he later discovered the Mississippi. The Arkansas River had long been used by native Indians, who relied on the river for a source of food and shelter.The Arkansas River was claimed in 1682 by La Salle in the name of the king of France. A few years later, a fort was established on the banks of the mouth of the Arkansas. The river fort was called “poste Aux Arcansas” otherwise known today as the Arkansas Post.

New Healthcare Law Adds New Protections For Nursing Mothers

March 16th, 2022 by admin No comments »

The recent healthcare reform law, known as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, contained a provision which amended the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) to require an employer to provide reasonable break time for an employee who is nursing to express breast milk for her child for one year after the child’s birth each time such employee has a need to express milk. Further, the law requires that the employer provide a place, other than a bathroom, for the employee to express breast milk. Some employers, already covered by state laws dealing with breast feeding mothers at the workplace, establish what are called lactation rooms to be used by nursing mothers who need to express breast milk during the work day.

This amendment to the FLSA does provide that the employer is not required to compensate an employee receiving reasonable break time for any work time spent expressing breast milk. However, this provision may pose practical difficulties for employers. Employers will have to decide how or whether to take advantage of this provision, with respect to keeping accurate records of time worked by employees.

The new amendment also states that if complying with this new law would impose an undue hardship on employers which employ fewer than 50 employees, then the employer need not comply with the law. However, since this provision allows an exception to the law, small employers should expect that when the Department of Labor issues regulations interpreting this law, this exemption will be very narrowly construed.

This amendment to the recent healthcare legislation is intended to further a public health goal of the United States Center for Disease Control to increase the proportion of mothers who breastfeed their babies in the early postpartum period to 75 percent by the year 2010. Health professionals and public health officials have promoted breastfeeding to improve infant health. These health professionals believe that mothers and children benefit from breast milk. Breast milk contains antibodies that protect infants from bacteria and viruses. Breast fed children have fewer ear infections, respiratory infections, urinary tract infections and have diarrhea less often. Infants who are exclusively breast fed tend to need fewer health care visits, prescriptions and hospitalizations resulting in a lower total medical care cost when compared to children who have never been breast fed.

It is also believed that mothers who breast feed also receive long-term preventative health effects, including an earlier return to pre-pregnancy weight and a reduced risk of pre-menopausal breast cancer and osteoporosis. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 70 percent of mothers start breastfeeding immediately after birth, but less than 20 percent of those same mothers are breastfeeding exclusively six months later.